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Afganistan me Hukumat Mukhalif Mozahimat by Muhammad Safdar Sahar

Thirty Years of Conflict: Drivers of Anti-Government Mobilisation in Afghanistan 1978-2011

By : Dr Antonio Giustozzi

Urdu translation By : Muhammad Safdar Sahar

This paper traces the structural factors driving anti-government mobilisation in Afghanistan in each successive phase of the country’s thirty years of conflicts. Drawing on extensive literature from both international and Afghan sources, it analyses the social and political factors behind the ideological war of the 1980s, the factional conflict of the 1990s, and the current insurgency. In doing so, it explores how such an extended period of warfare has fundamentally reshaped Afghan society, spurring changes which have in their turn altered why the conflict is fought.


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